Studies show that families with good communication and a strong family healthcare system have healthier children than do those who do not. The effects of family dysfunction and poor communication are shown to run deep into adulthood. Fostering better health and well-being in your family is one of the most important initiatives, a family could take to impact outcomes for every member and the greater community. As the child’s health impacts your life and yours impacts his/her health, both of you must work together to ensure your children grow up healthy and happy.
Primary care practitioners are usually family medicine physicians. They work with children and their parents to diagnose, treat, and prevent a variety of common health conditions as well as many less common ones such as asthma and diabetes. Family medicine physicians also often treat adults with physical or mental health problems. In some locations, they are also responsible for coordinating other types of health care such as psychotherapy and home health care. Typically primary care physicians receive special education in family medicine, pediatrics, and primary care, and have additional post-graduate training in community health management, adult care, and preventive medicine.
Family healthcare will allow primary care physicians the ability to provide more preventive health care to their patients. They will be able to screen for, detect, and evaluate any signs or symptoms of disease or impairment. This would include flu and pneumonia symptoms, diabetes, hypertension, and other illnesses or conditions that typically affect or are common in the population.
In addition to providing preventative primary care, family medicine doctors can also provide a range of specialty services. They may refer their patients to specialists (e.g., cardiologists, orthopedists, neurologists, and psychiatrists) when needed. They may refer their patients to specialists before they see a primary care physician. They can treat a patient who has had surgery (e.g., heart bypass surgery) or is experiencing a complication from an illness (e.g., cancer). If a family physician does not have enough expertise to treat a particular illness or problem, they can refer their patient to a specialist. Family doctors may also learn about new medical research and become experts in their field.
If a candidate wishes to pursue a career in family medicine, they should complete a four-year undergraduate degree at an accredited medical school. For those who already have a degree in another area, an advanced degree or Ph.D. is the best choice. The candidate’s education should include general biology, algebra, chemistry, and medical terminology at all levels. There are many options for specialty programs available after the candidate graduates from medical school. Some of the options include psychology, obstetrics/maternity, forensic science, adult medicine, and internal medicine.
Most states require that doctors have at least a bachelor’s degree before they can begin practicing medicine. At some medical schools, candidates must also pass a board exam to become a licensed medical doctor. Many states require that doctors complete a specific residency before starting general practice. During the residency, the doctors become accustomed to the specific procedures and laws of their state.
During the residency training program, students will learn everything there is to know about the practice of medicine. Students will study anatomy and develop an understanding of physiology, diagnostic procedures, medical ethics, and practice management. Throughout the year, students will engage in internships where they will be able to observe physicians through time and observe the actual procedure being performed. The residents will be able to choose to specialize in one specialty or choosing a wide variety of specialties including pediatrics, gynecology, cardiology, oncology, gastroenterology, neurology, and infectious diseases.
Family doctors provide important services to the society by providing a wide range of services that address the different health needs of individuals and families. Individuals rely on family doctors to diagnose and treat a variety of ailments, and family practitioners work with patients daily. To become a family physician, the individual must completed the basic requirements for admission to medical school, pass the board exam, and complete the residency training. Once a student has met all of these requirements, he or she can enroll in a family practice residency.